Rehabilitation after pneumonia is a stage, ignoring which the risk of complications increases. The length of the recovery period depends on the type of pneumonia suffered. With this ailment, the functional tissue of the lungs is damaged. Due to pneumonia, partial dysfunction of all parts of the organ develops, in which foci of inflammation have formed. Inflammation of the lungs can be infectious and non-infectious.
Pneumonia is an insidious ailment, with any type of which there is an increased risk of negative consequences. Otitis media, intestinal syndrome, pleurisy, heart failure may appear. With pneumonia, the following symptoms are present in the clinical picture:
- coughing fits;
- increased body temperature;
- painful sensations in the chest area;
- cyanosis of the skin;
- respiratory failure.
Dehydration is common in juvenile patients. It can be caused by rapid breathing and decreased lung volume. Children suffering from pneumonia are treated in a hospital. They are prescribed a comprehensive therapeutic regimen. If the patient has severe pneumonia, rehabilitation is also carried out in a medical facility.
A child is considered healthy if, after a control X-ray, no darkening is detected in his lungs. The baby also lacks wheezing and other manifestations that occur with pneumonia. But the treatment doesn’t end there. A patient who has suffered pneumonia should undergo antibiotic therapy. During this period of time, medications are taken to stabilize the digestive tract.
Rehabilitation after pneumonia can take up to a year. After it, the patient must be registered with a pulmonologist and pediatrician. The best prevention of relapse is the timely elimination of residual effects and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
At the first stage of rehabilitation, the baby is prescribed strict bed rest. After a few days, exercises are included in the scheme. They are combined with breathing exercises and revitalizing massage. The second stage provides for a ward regime, walking in place and air masses. During this period of time, drug therapy and immuno-strengthening procedures are used.
To make up for the lack of vitamins, minerals, micro- and macroelements, the patient is prescribed special drugs. The most effective are Neuromultivitis , Complivit and Multi-Tabs . Despite their relative safety, they should only be taken after consultation with the attending physician.
Biologically active additives
The effectiveness of the biostimulants used must be proven in clinical trials. When recovering from pneumonia, special attention is paid to the composition of drugs. The order of admission, dosage and duration of therapy is determined by the attending physician.
By means of multicomponent dietary supplements, you can prevent:
- inflammatory process;
- toxic shock;
- weakening of the immune system.
Weakened babies are most often prescribed Pycnogenol , Alfalfa , Cat’s Claw, Echinacea with yellow root. To eliminate foci of inflammation, Biozyme , Long Life , Boswellin , Licorice are used. Aquagen is often used as an antioxidant for pneumonia .
Do I need medication
The need for medicines arises due to the fact that the body of a child who has had pneumonia is greatly weakened. The drugs that strengthen the immune system after pneumonia include adaptogens, immunocorrectors and immunomodulators. Among the latter, there are such medicines as:
- Likopid ;
To speed up the recovery process for pneumonia, Levamisole is used . Passive immunity, which is developed after recovery, and antibacterial drugs prevent relapse and serious complications. Together with antibiotics, prebiotics and probiotics are introduced into the therapeutic regimen .
If the diet recommended by the doctor is observed , the electrolyte balance is normalized, the general well-being improves, and the recovery of the affected cells is accelerated. With pneumonia, the child loses a lot of energy. To eliminate the deficiency of vital compounds, the following is introduced into the diet:
- lean meat;
- fresh fruits and vegetables;
- dairy products.
Fried, spicy and salty dishes must be excluded. The same applies to canned food and other semi-finished products. Also, with pneumonia, the drinking regime is changed. The volume of fluid consumed during rehabilitation, as in the treatment of pneumonia, is increased. To prevent dehydration, the patient is given:
- freshly squeezed juices;
- mineral water;
- weak tea.
Physiotherapy treatments are used to treat and prevent pneumonia. In the latter case, the course lasts for 10-12 sessions. Rehabilitation after pneumonia is carried out using:
- warming up;
- physiotherapy exercises;
- UHF therapy;
- breathing exercises;
Electrophoresis for pneumonia is carried out in parallel with drug therapy. It includes preparations containing iodine, aloe extract, copper, platifillin , calcium and vitamin C. Thanks to the combined effect, the process of restoring the mucous membranes is significantly accelerated.
Special exercises improve the functioning of the respiratory system. Therapeutic exercises are prescribed after stopping the foci of inflammation. The child’s well-being is normalized due to the accelerated separation of sputum, stabilization of blood and lymph circulation. By following all the doctor’s recommendations, you can achieve an increase in lung volume. This indicator is determined by spirography.
Gymnastics carried out after the elimination of pneumonia includes not only physical, but also breathing exercises. With their help:
- restore the functionality of muscle tissue in the diaphragm;
- increase the concentration of red blood cells;
- strengthen the immune system.
The load on the body is increased gradually. At first, classes are conducted at home. After improving the general condition, exercise is done in the fresh air. Among the most popular sports are running, cycling, swimming and walking.
Respiratory gymnastics after pneumonia is carried out several times a day. The length of the session depends on age, diagnosis and complications. The exercises are pretty simple. The most interesting ones are included in the rehabilitation scheme for babies. Preschool children are not very patient. In this case, therapy takes place in the form of a game.
Visiting sanatorium resorts
A patient who has suffered pneumonia is recommended to visit sanatoriums and resort areas. Staying in more favorable conditions avoids the development of negative consequences. Babies should not be exposed to hot climates. The air temperature does not exceed +25 degrees Celsius. To achieve the maximum positive effect in the treatment of pneumonia, the duration of the spa treatment should be at least a month.
Rehabilitation after pneumonia occurs through:
- walks in the fresh air;
- mud therapy;
- tourist trips.
Walks in the open air
It is allowed to go to the sanatorium 30–35 days after the end of the main course. Children are recommended to visit sea and mountain resorts. The duration of the adaptation period is of great importance . Travel planning should be carried out in full accordance with the recommendations of the pulmonologist. It is he who draws up the sanatorium card, in which the necessary prescriptions and the results obtained during the diagnostic examination are entered.
The recovery of juvenile patients suffering from pneumonia often occurs with the help of adjunctive therapy. It is allowed to include in the scheme of rehabilitation measures:
- inhalations carried out on the basis of essential oils;
- infusions and decoctions, which include Chinese lemongrass, ginseng and St. John’s wort;
- medicinal mixtures prepared on the basis of beekeeping products;
- compotes and berry fruit drinks.
Berry fruit drinks
All folk remedies used at home after pneumonia must be approved by the attending physician.
A comprehensive rehabilitation program prescribed when a child recovers must be combined with hardening, timely sanitation of foci of infection, and specific prevention. Recovery from pneumonia in children should be under the supervision of a doctor.