Asthmatic attacks today affect about 200 million people in the world. And almost every patient from this list sooner or later begins to be interested in the question of whether a really comfortable vacation at the sea or in the mountains with such a disease as bronchial asthma is possible.
The first criterion that a person with this disease should pay attention to when determining a vacation spot is the climatic conditions in the selected region. It mainly depends on them how the rest for an asthmatic will go and what impressions the patient will have after the trip.
Why tourism is limited for asthma patients
A person suffering from asthma will not feel comfortable in every city. And this is primarily due to the peculiarities of the course of the existing pathology of the respiratory organs.
As you know, the main factors that provoke characteristic attacks of lack of air and a violation of the respiratory process as a result of this include: a change in temperature, intense physical activity, unusual for a sick person’s body, and the presence of all kinds of allergens in the environment.
In addition, many modern planes and hotels are equipped with powerful air conditioning systems that dry the air and are often a breeding ground for pathogens of viral diseases. SARS can also lead to an increase in the number of asthmatic attacks and cause some discomfort. That is why the question of where to rest with bronchial asthma is especially relevant for a sick person.
What climate is good for the lungs and bronchi?
The climate in bronchial asthma, as noted above, is a factor that plays a significant role in controlling the disease. Therefore, when going on a trip, asthmatics, first of all, should always pay special attention to such points as the average temperature in the selected region, the level of air humidity and its pollution, and more.
Doctors recommend choosing mountain resorts, warm sea coasts or coniferous forests for people suffering from choking and coughing attacks.
The climate of mountainous regions, for example, is notable for the fact that the air in such places is rather rarefied, and the pressure is low. Thanks to this, a sick person will feel much better in such a place than in the usual urban environment, and the frequency of attacks will noticeably decrease.
The seaside regions also have their advantages: in the daytime the sea warms up to 25-30 ° C. Under the influence of elevated temperature, seawater saturated with salt and iodine evaporates and saturates the air space with its vapors. Inhalation of such air has a beneficial effect on the cleansing of the respiratory tract from phlegm and on the expansion of the bronchi.
Long-term stay in coniferous forests is considered to be especially useful not only for an adult asthmatic, but also for a child prone to asthmatic attacks.
Coniferous air is able to saturate the human body with oxygen, and inhalation of the phytoncides contained in it can reduce the number of exacerbations of the disease several times.
Climatic conditions not recommended
When deciding on a place for vacation, the patient should take into account not only the factors that are the causes of the disease, and the presence of allergens that provoke a cough, but also understand what climate is definitely not worth choosing for relaxation with bronchial asthma.
Non-recommended climatic conditions include:
- low stratus clouds;
- sudden changes in temperature and high humidity;
- the presence of a large amount of fine-grained sedimentary rocks in the soil.
In addition, a person suffering from bronchial asthma should not spend their vacation in the northern regions, as well as in the tropics or in cities where there is a poor environmental situation.
The benefits of sea air for asthma patients
The best vacation option for any asthmatic person would be a long trip to the sea or a vacation on the rocky coast. Sea and mountain air has a positive effect on the condition of the patient’s upper and lower respiratory tract, accelerates the transport of inhaled oxygen to the lungs, improves bronchial drainage and enhances immunity.
The sea air is also characterized by a high concentration of iodine and salts, which, when deposited on the mucous membrane of the lower respiratory tract, reduce the formation of phlegm.
According to the statistics, the number of asthma attacks at sea in most asthmatics, as a rule, decreases, and the likelihood of an exacerbation of the disease in the coming year decreases significantly.
Where can you go to the sea for asthmatics
A person suffering from such an ailment as bronchial asthma should look after those seaside resorts for the holidays, the climate of which will most favorably affect their general well-being, improving the condition of the bronchi.
However, when making a choice in favor of a certain place, do not forget that the coast and the coast are different. It is not recommended, for example, for an asthmatic person to go to the northeastern beaches of the Black Sea, since the humid climate in this zone of the Krasnodar Territory can contribute to an increase in asthma attacks.
If we talk about where it is better to rest for a person with similar symptoms, then you should pay attention to regions such as Anapa, Gelendzhik, Crimea (in particular, Feodosia or Evpatoria), and other resort areas with similar weather conditions.
As for foreign countries, it is recommended to look after the resorts of Israel, Bulgaria, Montenegro, France, Spain, Italy, and Greece as a place for recreation. The weather conditions typical for these regions are ideal for asthmatics: the air is dry and warm enough, and its moisture content does not exceed the permissible values.
The resorts of Abkhazia can be singled out separately – these are Batumi, Sukhumi and Gagra. For patients with asthma, the climate of these places is suitable not only for temporary stay, but also for permanent residence. The same can be said about Altai. In this mountainous region, many sanatoriums have been built, specializing in the treatment of asthma and other pathologies of the respiratory system.
Summing up, it should be said that, when deciding on a place of rest, asthmatics need to focus on those regions where there is a moderately warm climate with low humidity and there are no harmful substances in the air.
For high-quality treatment and prevention of asthma in the selected region, the patient needs to stay at least 30 days.