Dyspnea is a disorder of the rhythm, frequency and depth of the respiratory process. Usually the development of shortness of breath occurs accompanied by a feeling of lack of air. The development of shortness of breath may be related to the disorder of any period of the respiratory process. The cerebral cortex and the respiratory center, spinal nerve endings and sternum muscles, the septum of the diaphragm and lung tissue, the heart and blood vessels, as well as the circulatory system through which gases are transported, take part in the act of breathing . While maintaining the normal function of regulating respiratory activity, dyspnea is in the nature of compensation. In other words, its purpose is to compensate for the lack of air and to remove carbon dioxide from the body.
The causes of shortness of breath may be processes occurring in the tissues of the lungs, obstructive or restrictive in nature. Obstructive dyspnea, as a rule, occurs with diseases such as bronchitis and emphysema, bronchial asthma and in the case of penetration of a foreign body into the respiratory tract. Restrictive dyspnea is observed with pneumothorax and with the development of extensive pneumonia, with pneumofibrosis. Persistent failure of the heart muscle can also lead to the development of shortness of breath, in which case they speak of heart dyspnea.
Signs of shortness of breath are a change in the depth, frequency and rhythm of the respiratory process. Dyspnea can be of two types. The pathological type of shortness of breath occurs with diseases of the heart and brain, with blood poisoning. Physiological shortness of breath is noted with excessive physical exertion.
In addition, there is such a thing as central dyspnea. This phenomenon is related to a violation of the nervous regulation of the respiratory process or to a lesion of the center of respiration, which is located in one of the lobes of the human brain. Central dyspnea often accompanies the development of drug intoxication.
Pulmonary dyspnea occurs with damage to the chest, as well as with lung tissue diseases. As a rule, with pulmonary dyspnea, inhalation is significantly difficult. And the exhalation is very short. Even mild physical stress leads to increased shortness of breath. Pulmonary dyspnea can disappear for a while, and sometimes it can become extremely intense, acquiring the character of suffocation.
Shortness of breath treatment
– with shortness of breath, accompanied by a difficult breath, it is useful to drink a decoction from the dry leaves of the grass of the coltsfoot.
– Ledum decoction is a proven folk remedy for the treatment of shortness of breath. To prepare it, you need to take a tablespoon of grass, pour 20 ml of water, boil for ten minutes. Take a tablespoon three times a day.
– to treat shortness of breath that occurs due to heart failure, you need to take two tablespoons of chopped birch leaves, brew 200 ml of boiling water and insist for half an hour. After straining, add baking soda to the tip of the knife. Take half a glass every three hours.
– A liter of liquid natural honey and a kilogram of animal fat pour a liter of alcohol. Stir and insist for fourteen days you are warmer. Take a tablespoon before eating.
– effectively treats shortness of breath a decoction of lemon balm. Brew a tablespoon of herbs with boiling water, insist and strain. Drink half a glass three times a day.
– pour a glass of walnut streaks with two glasses of vodka. Insist for two weeks and strain. Infusion take thirty drops diluted in half a glass of water.
– To treat shortness of breath, grind five garlic heads and five fresh lemons in a meat grinder. Add a liter of liquid honey. Insist mass for a week in a dark, warm place. Take a teaspoon four times a day.