In asthma, it is very important to monitor your health on a daily basis. One method is the asthma control test already mentioned, as well as PEF metry. The PEF meter is a device that measures the maximum expiratory flow rate. With it, you can evaluate the movement of air in the respiratory tract and the strength of the muscles that provide this action. Basically, the device has a liter / minute (l / min) scale. PEF-metry does not replace spirographic examinations by a doctor. A PEF meter is a small device that fits in your hands, the advantage of which is that you can quickly conduct an examination with it, and its results are easy to interpret. Information on control norm values that are appropriate for you can be obtained from your doctor. How to use a PEF meter?
• the test should be carried out while standing so that the neck and back are straight
• make sure that the device shows zero
• take a deep breath before starting the test
• place the mouthpiece of the device in your mouth and tightly close your lips around it
• exhale into the mouthpiece at maximum speed and by force.
• write down the received reading of the device (liter / per minute)
• repeat the test two more times
• finally write down the highest indicator of the three tests performed
• the highest indicator means the maximum speed of air movement
• save the results of tests performed at different times so that if necessary they could be shown to the doctor
In order to keep asthma under control, you must strictly adhere to the treatment plan. The main symptoms that asthma is not under control: • You wake up at night due to asthma attacks • You use large amounts of bronchodilators • Physical activity has decreased The doctor assesses the state of asthma using a spirographic examination, which is performed as necessary, but in case of constant ( persistent) asthma of moderate and severe severity at least twice a year. Ask your doctor for a written treatment plan and discuss with him which treatment plan is best for you.