Shortness of breath, asthma attacks – this is bronchial asthma. The disease can not be completely cured, but there is always the opportunity to maintain the quality of life, learn to live without succumbing to the disease.
Types of bronchial asthma
The type of bronchial asthma depends on the severity of its course.
- A mild disease is characterized by very rare exacerbations, not more than two to three times a month, which disappear without treatment.
- Moderate asthma Attacks increase in time and frequency, accompanied by tachycardia and suffocation. In this case, you can not do without the help of inhalations, which relieve spasm in the bronchi.
- Severe asthma requires drastic measures. The patient is “registered” with a pulmonologist who prescribes the required drugs. Attacks happen very often, sometimes several times a day.
Causes of an attack of bronchial asthma
The disease behaves like an insidious aggressor, capturing all the bronchi. If the cause of a number of bronchial diseases is pathogenic infections, then asthmatic manifestations have a different nature – this is an increased sensitivity to various irritants. An asthma attack occurs due to a decrease in the lumen in the bronchi. Due to a number of allergic phenomena, the reactivity of the bronchi increases sharply, which gives a powerful impetus to the development of the disease.
The following factors can trigger asthma:
- allergens: animal hair, particles of house dust, food, pollen of flowering trees, linen mites, spores and many others;
- environment: exhaust fumes, perfume smells, dust, tobacco smoke;
- bronchitis, sinusitis, colds, allergic rhinitis, respiratory ailments, that is, those caused by bacteria and viruses;
- medications – they can cause “aspirin” asthma in those who are treated with aspirin, or any other type of asthma, for example, after taking non-steroid drugs;
- adverse ecology;
- severe shocks: fear, excitement, grief, stress;
- excessive physical activity, especially when practicing winter sports.
Asthma is a common disease, but it can have different symptoms in every person. The disease manifests itself at any age, sparing neither children nor the elderly. Each stage of asthma has different symptoms.
Symptoms of bronchial asthma
- A feeling of heaviness in the chest.
- Squeezing in chest.
- Difficulty wheezing – severe shortness of breath .
- Severe cough, with wheezing, resulting in the discharge of viscous sputum.
- Bouts of suffocation.
Tips For Those With Asthma
- At the first signs of the disease, do not put off a visit to the doctor who professionally diagnoses the stage of the disease and prescribes the required drugs for treatment. By observing and controlling the course of the disease, the dosage of the medicine can vary.
- Usually, prophylactic agents that prevent the disease from developing, and those that “relieve” symptoms are used for treatment. Inhalers, which should always be near, at hand, for a very short time period expand the bronchi, increasing airway. These drugs do not treat, but only help to survive the attack. Means that asthmatics use daily, relieve swelling in the bronchi, reduce the body’s susceptibility to various types of allergens.
- It is categorically unacceptable to take antibiotics, and expectorants, for the treatment of bronchial asthma.
- It is important to use physiotherapeutic procedures for the treatment of asthma – electrophoresis, inductothermy, treatment with ultrasound and ultraviolet radiation.
- A positive effect on the treatment of asthma is breathing exercises, reflexology.
- Of the new techniques, attention is drawn to the passage of blood through special devices for its purification.
Having asthma, you can maintain a normal quality of life if you follow the recommendations of a pulmonologist. Sound the alarm if you notice a close person’s asthma attacks and cough, which does not stop for a long time. At the wrong time, a stopped attack of an ailment can cause choking, and, as a result, death. Be healthy. Good luck.