Bronchial asthma is an inflammatory process of the respiratory tract of a chronic nature. An attack of bronchial asthma is accompanied by an unproductive cough and wheezing in the chest area, a feeling of chest compression and difficulty breathing. Due to the developing inflammation, the respiratory tract becomes extremely susceptible to various kinds of irritants – chemical compounds, too cold air, dust and wool. When an allergen acts on the respiratory tract, puffiness of the respiratory tract and their spasm develops. To suppress these pathological phenomena, mucus begins to be produced in large quantities. In this case, obstruction of the bronchi passes sometimes without treatment. Competent therapy of bronchial asthma reduces the prevalence of the inflammatory process, reduces the frequency of asthmatic attacks, eases the patient’s condition.
Bronchial asthma suggests a high degree of susceptibility to various allergens, in particular non-specific irritants. In modern therapy of bronchial asthma, three types of disease are distinguished – atopic bronchial asthma, allergic bronchial asthma and a disease of combined origin.
As a rule, bronchial asthma proceeds standardly – periods of remission are replaced by attacks of asphyxiation. In the process of developing an attack of bronchial asthma, several stages are distinguished – accession, attack, post-attack, inter-access. In some cases, bronchial asthma has the appearance of an asthmatic course of bronchitis.
Symptoms of bronchial asthma
Asphyxia in bronchial asthma, as a rule, occurs at night or in the early morning. If an asthma attack begins in the afternoon, then most likely this indicates direct contact with the irritant. An asthmatic attack begins to develop with an unproductive dry cough, during which sputum does not go away. After this, severe shortness of breath and internal wheezing develops. On both sides, when listening to the chest, dry and wet wheezing is heard. With a prolonged course of the attack, blood pressure rises and tachycardia develops.
Therapy of bronchial asthma
Therapy of bronchial asthma is determined by the stage of development of the disease. Therapy of bronchial asthma during an attack consists in stopping it as soon as possible with the help of bronchospasmolytics. As a rule, ephedrine or adrenaline, that is, drugs based on these substances, are used to relieve an asthmatic attack. Salbutamol has proved to be a rather effective agent in the treatment of bronchial asthma. At the same time as the use of bronchospasmolytics prescribed for the treatment of bronchial asthma, sputum thinners, therapeutic exercises and massage are used. If an active infection is observed, then antibiotic drugs are prescribed during the treatment of bronchial asthma, before which an individual susceptibility test is performed.
At the interstage stage of the development of the disease, in particular if there is an allergy to household dust and plant pollen, a special immunity therapy is performed . Such therapy for bronchial asthma is statistically effective in more than seventy-five cases of the disease. Before starting immunotherapy, it is necessary to carefully treat the nasopharynx cavity from irritants. It must be remembered that immunotherapy cannot be combined with such medical measures as vaccinations or other effects at the antigen level. Exercise is very important in the treatment of bronchial asthma.
A person suffering from bronchial asthma must try to create conditions in which there will be extremely few irritating factors.