Many do not take coughs seriously, but in vain. This symptom accompanies many diseases, so it is imperative to undergo diagnostics to determine the cause.

Back pain speaks of serious changes in the body. If you do not start treatment on time, you can start the process and get a complication. You cannot let the disease take its course.

Usually people cannot find time for a doctor, and pain is relieved with drugs. The disease continues to develop, new organs are affected, which ultimately can lead to serious consequences.

Therefore, it is important to describe exactly where the source of pain is and the nature of this sensation. The back has many nerves, muscles, joints and vertebrae. Cough is a protective reaction of the body, if it appears, then the reason is good.

The reasons

If a person feels pain in the back when coughing, you need to come for a consultation with a therapist or immediately a neurologist, pulmonologist.

Such symptoms are given by diseases such as:

  • pneumonia, bronchitis;
  • tumors;
  • heart diseases;
  • herpes zoster;
  • trauma;
  • spine diseases;
  • kidney disease;
  • myositis or tuberculosis.

With heart disease, it hurts most often in the center between the shoulder blades, it is especially acute when inhaling and exhaling. This is due to a decrease in the efficiency of the vessels and heart.

Such diseases give complications to the lungs and other respiratory organs. In this case, the following symptoms will be observed:

  • dyspnea;
  • asthma;
  • insufficient concentration of attention;
  • orientation problem;
  • problem with urine outflow;
  • pain on the right under the ribs.

Coughs and soreness in the back are also due to kidney and bladder problems. Then it is difficult to find out the reason, because other manifestations may not be shown.

The pain indicates that the kidneys are seriously damaged. In this case, it is impossible to hesitate with treatment.

If polymyositis is observed, the doctor prescribes diuretics and cramps. To remove pain, analgesics are used. There are foci of the disease in the neck and chest. The reasons for this ailment are called:

  • infection;
  • joint inflammation;
  • curvature of the spinal column;
  • ankylosing spondylitis;
  • kyphosis;
  • hormonal imbalance.

The situation can worsen due to SARS, injury, poisoning, stress. It starts to hurt more from sneezing, sudden movements, coughing, tilting the head.

Osteochondrosis appears due to:

  • excess mass;
  • spinal injuries;
  • age;
  • hereditary diseases;
  • flat feet;
  • heavy load on the muscles.


The cough is caused by multiple muscles working. The bronchi, intercostal space, chest muscles participate in it.

Muscles ache due to a long cough, but the sensations are different: aching, sharp, quickly passing or lingering. The doctor will definitely ask you to describe your back pain. A cough does not just appear, it is a symptom of various diseases.

Usually, back pain indicates that there is inflammation. In this case, nerves, blood vessels, kidneys and bladder may be affected. You cannot heal yourself, so as not to complicate the course of the disease.

If a cough causes back pain, watch for other symptoms, which may include:

  • breathing problems;
  • problems with appetite;
  • weakness;
  • high temperature;
  • sweating;
  • the inability to be on one of the sides.

Location of pain

Often the space between the shoulder blades begins to hurt from coughing. The problem may be due to increased physical education or hypothermia.

If you start inflammation, you can get serious neurology, which is often the case with advanced ARVI. If you miss your doctor’s appointment, you can get bronchitis or pneumonia.

Also, this symptom is often observed in smokers. The lungs and other organs are affected by this habit.

If it hurts at the top of the back, it indicates neuralgia of the intercostal space. It is a neurological disorder that inflames the nerves around the ribs.

With kidney pathology or other diseases of the genitourinary system, chest or lower back pain often occurs.

The temperature may rise. The most dangerous diagnosis is renal failure. If this disease is confirmed, an urgent need to go to the hospital.

Low back pain can be a symptom of polymyositis. The patient should avoid:

  • long sitting to avoid disturbances in the work of blood vessels;
  • food with salt and protein;
  • drugs of artificial origin;
  • sports loads.

Osteochondrosis is a pathology of the spine when discs and cartilage are affected. They become less elastic and lose strength. In this case, the pain may be in the chest, lower back or neck.


If a person complains of back pain when coughing, an examination is carried out in several stages. First, the specialist collects anamnesis, asking about symptoms, chronic diseases, ailments of relatives.

Afterwards, an examination is carried out: listening, palpation, percussion and auscultation. Then the person goes to be tested. Usually, these are general tests of urine and blood, as well as sputum, if any.

Then an x-ray, ultrasound, vascular examination, MRI or CT may be shown, sometimes an ECG is needed. The latest research is needed if there is a suspicion of heart disease. If necessary, doctors of narrow specialties are involved.

When prescribing cough suppressants, the patient’s data are taken into account. The therapy is very different for children than for adults.


To fight the disease, removing the symptoms is not enough. The cough and back pain will go away on their own as soon as the initial illness is overcome. The drugs are prescribed after receiving the test data.

If the pains appear due to a cold, antibiotics, expectorants are prescribed. An antibiotic should be prescribed only by a doctor; self-medication is unacceptable to them.

It is not always possible to use a broad spectrum drug, often the treatment must be targeted. Usually amoxicillin is chosen. For coughs they like to use syrups like “Lazolvan”.

If you have heart problems, you can prescribe:

  • high pressure drugs;
  • diuretics to relieve swelling;
  • medicines for heart failure.

Spinal diseases that cause back pain are treated with medication if possible at home. Sessions with an osteopath, physiotherapist, massage therapist can be prescribed.

If this does not help, surgery may be indicated. Polymyositis is also treated by a physical therapist. At home, you can use remedies against inflammation, pain. Usually it is “Fastum gel”, “Doctor Mom” ​​and other medicines.